Monday, January 6, 2020

Contemporary Political Ideas Of Liberalism - 2003 Words

Many contemporary political ideas concerning Liberalism have arisen from theories written by Benjamin Constant, a Swiss-French political activist. The central principles of Liberalism are rights and popular sovereignty. Constant’s defense of individual rights are very much tied up with the idea of limiting state power. His work reveals a subtle suspicion of governmental power and a slight anxiety over the risks of giving power to those who may not have societal interest at heart. The critique of society made by Constant has underlying similarities and forthright differences with the Communist theorist Karl Marx. Marx wrote about true political representation and the ways in which political power in certain hands can revolutionize society. In terms of popular sovereignty and democracy, the two scholars seem to write in the interest of the sovereign, the social body. They are opposed on the topic of rights, especially property rights — the Communist theory is centered aro und the abolition of such, whereas Constant writes that property owners are better qualified for politics. The similarities within their theories lie in their writings on representation and their ideas concerning which hands power should be concentrated into. Constant argues for popular sovereignty through an argument against political sovereignty. His logic behind limiting government power and enacting direct elections is concerned with popular sovereignty. In the Principles of Politics, it is articulatedShow MoreRelatedHistorical Developments And Social Changes Essay1295 Words   |  6 PagesGiven the fact that political theories must continually respond to historical developments and social changes, no significant political tradition worthy of its name can afford to remain in the state of stasis. 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